Publication | Conference contributions

Production of Synthetic Biofuels in existing Industry - Simulation of FICFB and Fischer - Tropsch - Process in IPSEpro

Published 2010

Citation: Weber G, Potetz A, Rauch R, Hofbauer H. Production of Synthetic Biofuels in existing Industry - Simulation of FICFB and Fischer - Tropsch - Process in IPSEpro, ICPS 2010, 7th-9th of September 2010, Leipzig, Germany.


In cooperation between Vienna University of Technology and Bioenergy 2020+ a project was done which had the objective to evaluate the prospects for the production of Biofuels by integration in existing Austrian biomass industry. The advantages of such integration are the good access to renewable energy resources like wood chips, existing infrastructure for electricity and heat, existing logistics of resources and the utilization of waste heat from Biofuel production to substitute fossil fuels. One work package included the process simulation of thermo-chemical biomass gasification and the production of a second generation Biofuel by the use of Fischer – Tropsch (FT) - synthesis. The process simulation tool IPSEpro was used for the simulation. The simulation of technical processes allows the prediction of the behavior of processes on the base of mathematical models. The quality of a simulation model depends substantially on the used model and the process parameters. The used technologies in the process simulation were the biomass gasification with the Fast Internal Circulating Fluidized Bed (FICFB) – gasification system and the Fischer –Tropsch (FT) - synthesis. The FICFB was developed by the Vienna University of technology. This gasification technology is used in the well known demonstration plant is Güssing (Austria). The produced product gas is nearly nitrogen free and has a high content of hydrogen (45 – 35 Vol%dry) and carbon monoxide (25 – 20 Vol%dry). These product gas components are used in the FT - synthesis for the production of FT – raw product. A FT - Trial Plant is also situated in Güssing since the year 2005. A slurry reactor is used in the Trial Plant for the FT – synthesis. The target for the simulation was the production of FT – raw product as well as the substitution of fossil fuels. The waste heat of the process should be used for the production of steam. An amount of 120 tons per hour of fossil produced steam should be substituted. The
Off-Gas of the FT – process was also used for the production of steam. Two different models for location number one were considered. The used fuel was wood chips. The data out of the simulation were used to calculate the economic efficiency of the plants. An important parameter was the price of the FT – raw product per liter. The total costs and the production capacity were set equal to calculate the marginal revenue. Also a sensitivity analysis was done to evaluate the effects of rising fuel costs and increased investment costs.