Conference Presentation | Conference contributions | Potentiale, Bioenergiesysteme, Logistik

Evaluation of the Transient Behaviour of a Fixed-Bed Biomass Gasifier for Demand-Oriented Electricity Production

Published 2020

Citation: Hollenstein C, Zemann C, Antolini D, Patuzzi F, Martini S, Baratieri M, Gölles M. Evaluation of the Transient Behaviour of a Fixed-Bed Biomass Gasifier for Demand-Oriented Electricity Production. 28th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition. 6-9 July 2020.

Abstract

The majority of renewable energy technologies are volatile in nature. External factors such as weather conditions lead to fluctuations in their produced electricity and heat. This results in a demand either not being covered or dissatisfied since too much electricity and heat is produced in the energy system. Although energy storages can counteract these fluctuations, renewable energy technologies that are capable of producing energy on demand are needed as well. As such, technologies based on the thermochemical conversion of biomass are especially relevant as they are considered to be CO2-neutral. Although most existing implementations are based on combustion of biomass, fixed-bed biomass gasification is of growing relevance due to higher overall efficiencies and low pollutant emissions. Currently, fixed-bed biomass gasifiers are usually operated at steady-state operation to produce the maximum amount of energy possible. This contribution investigates, whether they can be used as a technology for demand-oriented electricity and heat production