Potential of Thermal Steam Biomass Gasification for the production of Hydrogen, SNG, Electricity and District heat

Steam gasification of biomass offers a great potential for polygeneration concepts, which aim at the generation of various products from a single feedstock. The dual fluidized bed biomass steam gasification of biomass generates a N2 free product with high calorific value and a volumetric gas composition of about 40 % H2, 25 % CO, 23 % CO2, 10 % CH4, and about 2 % of higher hydrocarbons. This product gas is the feedstock for polygeneration concepts aiming at the generation of H2, CH4 (synthetic natural gas), electricity, and heat based on state of the art unit operations, like water gas shift, pressure swing adsorption, or methanation. Moreover, there is also the possibility to separate CO and CO2 from the product gas in order to use them as basis chemical for industry.

H2 is of interest as feed stock for industry and as possible carbon free energy carrier in the future. CH4 or synthetic natural gas can easily be stored and distributed in existing natural gas grids. Electricity can be generated by combustion of product gas in a gas engine or by using excess heat of the gasification process in an Organic Rankine Cycle. Heat can be generated through combustion of product gas or by using excess heat of the gasification process.

This project shows that biomass can be used for more than just electricity and heat generation. Moreover, it can serve as feedstock for the generation of energy carriers or for important basic chemicals for industry.


Projektlaufzeit

2015-04-01 - 2019-03-31

Supported by

FFG, COMET

Projektpartner

Air Liquide

Güssing Renewable Energy

Technische Universiät Wien

Contact

Publications

Performance of a water gas shift unit processing tar-rich product gas from a commercial dual fluidized bed biomass steam gasification plant which operates at partial load

Behavior of GCMS tar components in a water gas shift unit operated with tar-rich product gas from an industrial scale dual fluidized bed biomass steam gasification plant

Techno-economic assessment of hydrogen production based on dual fluidized bed biomass steam gasification, biogas steam reforming, and alkaline water electrolysis processes

An experimental approach aiming the production of a gas mixture composed of hydrogen and methane from biomass as natural gas substitute in industrial applications

Wasserstoff aus Biomasse - Stand der Technik und Perspektiven

HCNG or hythane production from biomass steam gasification

Polygeneration of hydrogen and a gas mixture composed of H2 and CH4 via sorption enhanced reforming of biomass

2250-h long term operation of a water gas shift pilot plant processing tar-rich product gas from an industrial scale dual fluidized bed biomass steam gasification plant

Hythane from biomass steam gasification as natural gas substitute in industrial applications

Hydrogen production within a polygeneration concept based on dual fluidized bed biomass steam gasification

Progress in hydrogen production from product gas generated by dual fluidized bed biomass steam gasification

Performance of a water gas shift pilot plant processing product gas from an industrial scale biomass steam gasification plant

Validation of a Kinetic Model for the Catalyzed Water Gas Shift Reaction Applying a Fe/Cr Catalyst Processing Wood Gas from Biomass Steam Gasification

Performance of a Water Gas Shift Unit Processing Product Gas from Biomass Steam Gasification

Performance of a water gas shift pilot plant processing tar-rich product gas from a commercial biomass steam gasification plant operating at partial load conditions