Conference Presentation | Conference presentations and posters | Thermische Vergasung und Gasreinigung

Influence of fuel ash and bed material on the water-gas-shift equilibrium in DFB steam gasification

Published 2019

Citation: Fürsatz K, Fuchs J, Bartik A, Kuba M, Hofbauer H. Influence of fuel ash and bed material on the water-gas-shift equilibrium in DFB steam gasification. ICPS 2019.


The bed material chosen for dual fluidized bed steam gasification has an important effect on the performance of gasification. Depending on their characteristics and properties, bed materials can have either a higher or lower catalytic activity, which influences the product gas composition as well as the tar content in the product gas. More catalytically active bed materials, like limestone and olivine, improve the quality of the product gas by e.g. promoting the water-gas-shift reaction and tar reforming reaction. The layers formed on the bed material are another aspect influencing the product gas composition. These layers are formed by the interaction of bed material and fuel ash. The deviation from the water-gas-shift equilibrium was chosen to quantify the effect of several bed materials and ash layers on the catalytic activity. The bed materials tested were K-feldspar, limestone, and activated olivine, while the used fuels were softwood, chicken manure, a bark – chicken manure mixture, and a bark –straw – chicken manure mixture. The performed experiments showed that an increased catalytic activity can be achieved by either using a catalytically active bed materials or ash-rich fuels.


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